ARCHAEOLOGY & PLANNING
Archaeology & Planning (a quick guide) The Scottish Government’s policy on the historic environment and direction on relevant legislation is set out in the Scottish Historic Environment Policy (SHEP). In support of SHEP, Scottish Planning Policy (2010) and Planning Advice Note (PAN) 2/2011 provide guidance for planning authorities when determining planning applications which may affect the historic environment.
Additional relevant legislation includes the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservations Areas) (Scotland) Act (1997), the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act (1979) and the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act (1997). An archaeological condition will be attached to planning consent when the Planning Authority, as advised by their in-house archaeological consultant, considers there to be a significant probability that the application’s proposals may adversely impact on archaeological or built heritage remains.
The greater the archaeological potential the greater the possibility that the planning authority may require thatan archaeological assessment (desk-based and/or intrusive field evaluation) is undertaken before a planning application is considered. This pre-determination approach can be highly constructive for developers in reducing archaeological costs.
For any development the default objective of the planning authority will be to ensure the survival of archaeological sites by their preservation in situ or, when preservation in situ is not possible, by formal archaeological excavation followed by post-excavation analysis and publication of the results. If, for example, an evaluation undertaken at the outline planning stage unearths considerable archaeological remains, it may prove possible and financially attractive, to amend the proposals of the detailed planning application in allowing the survival of the newly discovered archaeology thus negating the need for a costly excavation.
Quite often the first a client (particularly with smaller developments) will know about an archaeological issue connected with their development is when they receive planning permission with a condition attached that requires ‘….the implementation of a programme of archaeological works in accordance with a written scheme of investigation…’. This standard statement, or something very like it, can leave the non-archaeologist confused as to what is required of them. ACCESS can liaise and negotiate on your behalf with the planning authorities